xorbits.numpy.logspace(start, stop, num=50, endpoint=True, base=10.0, dtype=None, axis=0)#

Return numbers spaced evenly on a log scale.

In linear space, the sequence starts at base ** start (base to the power of start) and ends with base ** stop (see endpoint below).

Changed in version 1.16.0(numpy): Non-scalar start and stop are now supported.

Changed in version 1.25.0(numpy): Non-scalar ‘base` is now supported

  • start (array_like) – base ** start is the starting value of the sequence.

  • stop (array_like) – base ** stop is the final value of the sequence, unless endpoint is False. In that case, num + 1 values are spaced over the interval in log-space, of which all but the last (a sequence of length num) are returned.

  • num (integer, optional) – Number of samples to generate. Default is 50.

  • endpoint (boolean, optional) – If true, stop is the last sample. Otherwise, it is not included. Default is True.

  • base (array_like, optional) – The base of the log space. The step size between the elements in ln(samples) / ln(base) (or log_base(samples)) is uniform. Default is 10.0.

  • dtype (dtype) – The type of the output array. If dtype is not given, the data type is inferred from start and stop. The inferred type will never be an integer; float is chosen even if the arguments would produce an array of integers.

  • axis (int, optional) –

    The axis in the result to store the samples. Relevant only if start, stop, or base are array-like. By default (0), the samples will be along a new axis inserted at the beginning. Use -1 to get an axis at the end.

    New in version 1.16.0(numpy).


samplesnum samples, equally spaced on a log scale.

Return type


See also


Similar to linspace, with the step size specified instead of the number of samples. Note that, when used with a float endpoint, the endpoint may or may not be included.


Similar to logspace, but with the samples uniformly distributed in linear space, instead of log space.


Similar to logspace, but with endpoints specified directly.



If base is a scalar, logspace is equivalent to the code

>>> y = np.linspace(start, stop, num=num, endpoint=endpoint)  
>>> power(base, y).astype(dtype)  


>>> np.logspace(2.0, 3.0, num=4)  
array([ 100.        ,  215.443469  ,  464.15888336, 1000.        ])
>>> np.logspace(2.0, 3.0, num=4, endpoint=False)  
array([100.        ,  177.827941  ,  316.22776602,  562.34132519])
>>> np.logspace(2.0, 3.0, num=4, base=2.0)  
array([4.        ,  5.0396842 ,  6.34960421,  8.        ])
>>> np.logspace(2.0, 3.0, num=4, base=[2.0, 3.0], axis=-1)  
array([[ 4.        ,  5.0396842 ,  6.34960421,  8.        ],
       [ 9.        , 12.98024613, 18.72075441, 27.        ]])

Graphical illustration:

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt  
>>> N = 10  
>>> x1 = np.logspace(0.1, 1, N, endpoint=True)  
>>> x2 = np.logspace(0.1, 1, N, endpoint=False)  
>>> y = np.zeros(N)  
>>> plt.plot(x1, y, 'o')  
[<matplotlib.lines.Line2D object at 0x...>]
>>> plt.plot(x2, y + 0.5, 'o')  
[<matplotlib.lines.Line2D object at 0x...>]
>>> plt.ylim([-0.5, 1])  
(-0.5, 1)
>>> plt.show()  


This method has not been implemented yet. Xorbits will try to execute it with numpy.

This docstring was copied from numpy.