xorbits.numpy.random.triangular(left, mode, right, size=None)[source]#

Draw samples from the triangular distribution over the interval [left, right].

The triangular distribution is a continuous probability distribution with lower limit left, peak at mode, and upper limit right. Unlike the other distributions, these parameters directly define the shape of the pdf.


New code should use the ~numpy.random.Generator.triangular method of a ~numpy.random.Generator instance instead; please see the random-quick-start.

  • left (float or array_like of floats) – Lower limit.

  • mode (float or array_like of floats) – The value where the peak of the distribution occurs. The value must fulfill the condition left <= mode <= right.

  • right (float or array_like of floats) – Upper limit, must be larger than left.

  • size (int or tuple of ints, optional) – Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., (m, n, k), then m * n * k samples are drawn. If size is None (default), a single value is returned if left, mode, and right are all scalars. Otherwise, np.broadcast(left, mode, right).size samples are drawn.


out – Drawn samples from the parameterized triangular distribution.

Return type

ndarray or scalar

See also


which should be used for new code.


The probability density function for the triangular distribution is

\[\begin{split}P(x;l, m, r) = \begin{cases} \frac{2(x-l)}{(r-l)(m-l)}& \text{for $l \leq x \leq m$},\\ \frac{2(r-x)}{(r-l)(r-m)}& \text{for $m \leq x \leq r$},\\ 0& \text{otherwise}. \end{cases}\end{split}\]

The triangular distribution is often used in ill-defined problems where the underlying distribution is not known, but some knowledge of the limits and mode exists. Often it is used in simulations.



Wikipedia, “Triangular distribution” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triangular_distribution


Draw values from the distribution and plot the histogram:

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt  
>>> h = plt.hist(np.random.triangular(-3, 0, 8, 100000), bins=200,  
...              density=True)
>>> plt.show()  

This docstring was copied from numpy.random.